CBSE Sample Paper 10 2020-21 Social Science half yearly

Half Yearly Examination (2020-21)


Time allowed: 3:00 hours

Maximum Marks:80

All questions are compulsory.

Section 1(1 to 16 questions are of 1 mark)

1- Which of the following is a potential resource?

a) Solar energy

b) Soil

c) Forest

d) Land

2- Give two characteristics of black soil.

3- Which are the major cereals grown in our country?

4- ________is a food crop as well as feed crop.

5- Per capita income is regarded

a) As a worse indicator of development than the national income.

b) As a better indicator of development than the national income

c) Equal good indicator of development compared to national income

d) Useless indicator of development.

6- What are the main sectors into which Indian economy is classified on the basis of ownership?

7- Intermediate goods refers to those goods which are used-

a) For the production of intermediate goods

b) For the production of some Other goods

c) For production of primary goods.

d) For the production of non durable goods.

8- Different people can have different_______________.

9- Choose the correct option of the following.

a) Union Jack   – Germany

b) Red Shirts   –   Italy

c) War of independence –Britain

d) Hall of Mirrors  – Greece

10- The act of Union of 1707 led to the formation of______.

11- What was Zollverein?

12- To whom does the credit of unifying Germany go?

a) Louis Philippe

b) Count Cavour

c) Mazzini

d) Bismarck

13- Match the following lists and select the correct answer from the codes given below

List 1                                       List 2

1) Legislature         Local problems

2) Panchayat          Punishing the guilty

3) Judiciary              Implements laws

4) Executive            Enacts laws


  1.     2     3    4

a)      A    D     B    C

b)       C    B     A    D

c)       D    A     C    B

d)       A     C     B   D

14- In a__________ government, power is shared by two or more political parties.

15- What do you mean by residuary powers?

16- The highest body of Panchayati Raj is ________.

Section 2(Short questions 3 marks each from 17 to 22)

17- Classify the resources on the basis of origin.“Or” Write a short note on shifting cultivation.

18- Discuss the advantages of power sharing.

19- Explain the main differences between unitary and Federal type of government.

20- What do you understand by sustainable of development?

21- Write a short note on the objectives of NREGA 2005.

22- Make an estimate of Cavour’s diplomacy regarding unification of Italy.

Section 3(4×4=16)

23- Read the source given below and answer the questions that follow.(Case Study based question)

Following the defeat of Napoleon in 1815 European government was driven by a spirit of conservatism. Conservatives believe that established traditional Institutions of state and society- like the monarchy ,the church, social hierarchies, properties and the family- should be preserved. Most conservative, however, did not propose a return to the society of pre-revolutionary days.

Rather ,they realised, from the change initiated by Napoleon that modernization could in fact the strengthen traditional in situations like the monarchy. It could make State Power more effective and stronger. A modern  army, an efficient Bureaucracy,a dynamic economy, the abolition of feudalism and serfdom could strengthen the autocratic monarchies of Europe. In 1815, representatives of the European powers who had collectively defeated Napoleon, met at Vienna to draw up a settlement for Europe.

The Congress was hosted by the Austrian Chancellor Duke Metternich. The delegates drew up the Treaty of Vienna of 1815 with the object of undoing most of the changes that had come about in Europe during the Napoleonic wars. The Bourbon dynasty, which had been deposed during the French Revolution, was restored to power and France lost the territories it had annexed under Napoleon. A series of states were set up on the boundaries of France to prevent French expansion in future.

Answer the following MCQ by choosing the most appropriate option.

i) Which of the following statements correctly describe about European conservative ideology ?

a) preservation of believes introduced by Napoleon

b) Preservation of two sets of Christianity

c) Preservation of socialist ideology in economic sphere

d) Preservation of traditional beliefs in a state and Society

ii) Identify the purpose to convene the Vienna of Congress in 1815 from the following option?

a) To declare competition of German unification

b) To restore conservatives regime in Europe

c) To declare war against France

d) To start the process of Italian unification

iii) What did conservatives focus on at the Congress of Vienna? Select the appropriate option.

a) To re- establish peace and stability in Europe

b) To establish socialism in Europe

c) To introduce democracy in France

d) To set up a new parliament in Austria

iv) How did the Congress of Vienna ensure peace in Europe? Select the appropriate option.

24- Read the text given below and answer the following questions. (Case Study based question)

Manufacturing industries not only help in a modernizing agriculture which forms the backbone of our economy, they are also reduced the heavy dependence of people and Agriculture Income by providing them jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors.

Industrial development is a precondition for eradication of unemployment and poverty from our country .This was the main philosophy behind public sector industries and joint sector ventures in India. It was also aimed at bringing down regional this disparities by establishing industries in tribal and backward area.

Export of manufactured goods expands trade and Commerce, and brings in much needed foreign exchange. Countries that transform their raw material into a wide varieties of finished goods of higher value are prosperous.

India’s prosperity lies in increasing and the diversifying its manufacturing industries as quickly as possible. Agriculture and industries are not exclusive of each other. They move hand in hand. For intense, the Agro- Industries in India have given a major boost to agriculture by raising its productivity.

i) Manufacturing industries fall in……. and agriculture in…..

a) Primary ,Secondary sector

b) Secondary, tertiary sector

c) Primary, tertiary sector

d) Secondary, primary sector

ii) Manufacturing provides jobs opportunities to reduce dependence on agriculture. Identify which sector the following jobs belong to-

Job creater                                        Sector

a) Garment production                      Primary

b) Research &development              Tertiary

c) Banking                                         Secondary

d) Mining                                           Quaternary

Choose the correct option-

a) A-1,B-2,C-3,D-4

b) A-3,B-4,C-2,D-1

c) A-2,B-3,C-1,D-2

d) 4,B-1,C-4,D-3

iii) Which of the following options does not help in modernising agriculture?

a) Manufacturing farm equipment

b) Providing unskilled labour force

c) Supplying fertilizers and pesticide

d) Producing Tube well pumps and sprinklers

iv) In order to attract foreign manufacturing firms country needs to develop-

a) Agrarian facilities

b) Cultivable lands

c) Media facilities

d) Infrastructure facilities

25- Read the given extract and answer the following questions.(Case Study based question)

In a vote based system we are generally worried about guaranteeing that individuals will reserve the privilege to pick their rulers and individuals will have authority over the rulers at whatever point conceivable and important, residents should have the option to partake in dynamic, that influences them all. Consequently ,the most essential results of vote based system should be that it creates an administration that is responsible to the residents and receptive to the necessities and desires for the residents.

A few people believe that majority rules system produce less viable government. It is, obviously, genuine that non vote based rulers are extremely speedy and productive in dynamic and execution where as majority rules system is the depends on the possibility of consultation and arrangement. So some deferral will undoubtedly occur. Be that as it may, in light of the fact that it has followed method, its choice might be both more satisfactory to be individuals and more powerful.

Besides, when residents need to know whether a choice was taken through the right system, they can locate this out. They have the privilege and intends to look at the cycle of dynamic. This is known as straightforwardness. This factor is frequently absent from a non vote based government. There is another angle in a majority rule government is surely in a way that is better than its other options: vote based government is real government. It could be moderate, less productive, not in every case extremely responsive or clean. Be that as it may, a vote based government is individuals’ own administration.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option

i) People’s right to choose their own rulers is called as the –

a) Right to initiate

b)Right to plebiscite

c) Right to vote

d) Right to Referendum

ii) Which of the following options helps in promoting Transparency in the governance?

a) Right to education

b) Right to information

c) Right against exploitation

d) Right to speech and expression

iii) _______make/s the government legitimate.

a) Credibility of politicians

b) People’s movement

c) Free and fair election

d) Holding of powers

iv) Decision in a democracy are more acceptable to the people because they are-

a) Taken swiftly and implemented quickly

b) Taken by giving privileges to the people

c) Taken through elites’ votes

d) Taken after following due processes

26- Read the extract and answer the following questions.(Case Study based question)

Land is an asset of a finite magnitude; therefore, it is important to use the available land for various purposes with careful planning. India has land under a variety of relief features namely; mountains, plateaus, plains and islands. About 43% of the land area is plain, which provides facilities for agriculture and industry. Mountains account for 30% of the total surface area of the country and ensure perennial flow of some rivers, provide facilities for tourism and ecological aspects. About 27% of area of the country is the plateau region. It possession rich reserves of minerals , fossil fuels and forest.

i) Which of the following is not belong to land ?

a) Mountains

b) plains

c) plateau

d) Ponds

ii) Choose correct one of the following.

a) Most of the area of India is covered with plateaus.

b) Industries save Indian land.

c) Land relief develops the tourism.

d) Perennial rivers degrade the land.

iii) How does natural vegetation preserve land?

iv) Which type of things can be obtained from land?


Section 4(5×5=25)

27- Suggest steps to control Land Degradation. “Or” What measures have been taken by the government to improve the production of food grains?

28- Describe the power sharing among different organs of government and write which type of division of power this is. “Or” Discuss the main advantage of Democratic decentralisation. Is it good or bad for India?

29- What lessons can you draw about the importance of income from the fact that Kerala with,lower per capita income, has a better Human Development ranking than Punjab? “Or” Explain how public sector contributes to the economic development of a nation.

30- What steps did the French Revolutionaries take to create a sense of collective identity among the French people ?

31- Discuss the role and contribution of Mazzini Garibaldi and Cavour  in the unification of Italy. “Or” Discuss the role of resources in the economic development of a country


Section 5 (5×1)

32- On an outline map of India, show the following.

a) Desert soil

b) Hirakund Dam

c) Largest producer state of coffee

d) Jharia coal mine

e) Tapi river

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