Chapter 15 Prevent Accidents and Emergencies Question Answer Class 10 IT

A. Multiple choice questions

1. What are the steps necessary for operating a fire extinguisher?
(a) Identify the safety pin of the fire extinguisher which is generally present in its handle
(b) Break the seal and pull the safety pin from the handle
(c) Use the fire extinguisher by squeezing the lever
(d) All of the above

Answer:(d) All of the above

2. Which of the following is an examples of ignition sources of open flames?
(a) Gas ovens
(b) Lighters in smoking areas
(c) Welding torches
(d) All of the above

Answer:(d) All of the above


3. In fire classification, all liquid, grease, and gas material comes under _____________.
(a) Class A material
(b) Class B material
(c) Class C material
(d) Class A material

Answer:(b) Class B material


4. In fire classification, material magnesium, potassium, and sodium comes under _______________.
(a) Class A material
(b) Class B material
(c) Class C material
(d) Class D material

Answer:(d) Class D material


5. In fire classification, material wood, cloth, and paper comes under ________________.
(a) Class A material
(b) Class B material
(c) Class C material
(d) Class D material

Answer:(a) Class A material


Prevent Accidents and Emergencies Question Answer Class 10

6. In fire classification, electrical material and equipment comes under ________________.
(a) Class A material
(b) Class B material
(c) Class C material
(d) Class D material

Answer:(c) Class C material


7. When do we use a fire extinguisher?
(a) In case of flood
(b) In case of electric shock
(c) In case of fire
(d) In case of burn injury

Answer:(c) In case of fire


8. What is the primary fire emergency telephone number is?
(a) 011
(b) 101
(c) 108
(d) 111

Answer:(b) 101


9. Which of the following contains everything you need to know about evacuating your facility safely?
(a) Evacuation Diagram
(b) Emergency Action Plan
(c) Employee Directory
(d) Both (a) and (b)

Answer:(d) Both (a) and (b)


10. The best course of action to take during a medical emergency is to ______________.
(a) Begin first aid immediately
(b) Activate the emergency plan for reporting injuries
(c) Notify the person’s family about the situation
(d) Both (a) and (b)

Answer:(d) Both (a) and (b)

Prevent Accidents and Emergencies Question Answer Class 10

B. Fill in the blanks

1. Emergency is a serious or crisis situation that needs__________attention and ________.

immediate, action


2. A ___________ sign will warn people to walk carefully on freshly mopped floors.

wet floor


3. ____________ signs can prevent accidents on a staircase with a sharp bent or warn against a loose floor tile.

watch your steps


4. The ___________ should be responsible to handle evacuation process.



5. Workplace fires are commonly caused by improper storage of _____________ material or _________ dust.

flammable, combustible


6. There should always be an _____________ plan for scheduled electrical maintenance or work.

emergency response


7. If the victim is breathing and has a heartbeat, give ________ for injuries and treat for shock.

first aid


8. A fire extinguisher is a ______________ containing an agent which can be discharged to extinguish a fire.

cylindrical pressure vessel

Prevent Accidents and Emergencies Question Answer Class 10

C. State whether the following statements are True or False

1. The organisation’s policies and guidelines is the best guide to handle emergency. [True]

2. If someone is injured, act as per your impulse or gut feeling. [False]

3. Keep water and food items away from electrical equipment. [True]

4. Always switch off the electrical circuits. [False]

5. Always wear protective equipment, such as gloves and shoes. [False]

6. A fire extinguisher is a protection device used to extinguish fires. [True]

7. Flammable materials can be placed around an door exit. [False]

8. You can determine possible evacuation routes from floor plan diagrams posted in your facility. [True]

Prevent Accidents and Emergencies Question Answer Class 10

D. Short answer questions

1. What is a workplace emergency?

Answer: A workplace emergency is an unexpected situation that threatens employees, customers, or the public; disrupts or shuts down operations; or causes physical or environmental damage.


2. How do you protect yourself, your employees, and your business?

Answer:  To protect yourself, your employees, and your business, you should prepare for emergencies by creating an emergency action plan, conducting regular training, maintaining emergency supplies, and ensuring clear communication.


3. What is an emergency action plan?

Answer:  An emergency action plan is a detailed plan outlining the procedures to follow during an emergency to ensure the safety of everyone in the workplace.

Prevent Accidents and Emergencies Question Answer Class 10

4. What should your emergency action plan include?

Answer:  An emergency action plan should include:

  • Procedures for reporting emergencies
  • Evacuation routes and exits
  • Emergency contact information
  • Procedures for employees who remain to operate critical operations
  • Account for all employees after an evacuation
  • Medical and rescue duties
  • Means of alerting employees to an emergency

5. How do you develop an evacuation policy and procedures?

Answer:  To develop an evacuation policy and procedures:

  • Identify potential emergencies and their impact
  • Designate evacuation routes and exits
  • Assign roles and responsibilities
  • Create a communication plan
  • Conduct training and drills


6. How do you establish evacuation routes and exits?

Answer:  Establish evacuation routes and exits by:

  • Ensuring they are clearly marked and well-lit
  • Keeping them free of obstructions
  • Posting maps and signs
  • Conducting regular inspections and drills

Prevent Accidents and Emergencies Question Answer Class 10

7. What are the various types of fire extinguisher and their extinguishing material?


  • Class A: Water or foam (for ordinary combustibles like wood and paper)
  • Class B: Carbon dioxide or dry chemical (for flammable liquids like gasoline)
  • Class C: Dry chemical or carbon dioxide (for electrical fires)
  • Class D: Dry powder (for combustible metals like magnesium)
  • Class K: Wet chemical (for cooking oils and fats)


8. What are the steps for operating a fire extinguisher in case of a fire emergency.

Answer:  Use the PASS method:

  • Pull the pin
  • Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire
  • Squeeze the handle
  • Sweep the nozzle from side to side


9. Compare the different type of fire extinguisher.


  • Water Extinguishers: Best for Class A fires, not for electrical or flammable liquid fires.
  • Foam Extinguishers: Effective on Class A and B fires, not suitable for electrical fires.
  • Dry Chemical Extinguishers: Versatile for Class A, B, and C fires.
  • Carbon Dioxide Extinguishers: Best for Class B and C fires, leave no residue.
  • Wet Chemical Extinguishers: Designed for Class K fires, used in kitchens.

Prevent Accidents and Emergencies Question Answer Class 10

10. List the different class of fire.


  • Class A: Ordinary combustibles (wood, paper)
  • Class B: Flammable liquids (gasoline, oil)
  • Class C: Electrical fires
  • Class D: Combustible metals (magnesium, aluminum)
  • Class K: Cooking oils and fats


11. List out electrical rescue techniques.


  • Disconnect the power source if safe to do so
  • Use non-conductive materials to move the victim away from the electrical source
  • Call emergency services
  • Administer CPR if needed and safe


12. What is the first aid for electrical emergencies?


  • Ensure the area is safe and power is off
  • Call for medical help immediately
  • Check for breathing and pulse, and perform CPR if necessary
  • Treat burns with cool, clean water, but do not apply ice or ointments
  • Keep the victim calm and still until help arrives


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Chapter 3: Advanced Features of Writer


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Chapter 4: Analyse Data using Scenarios and Goal Seek

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Chapter 13: Health, Safety and Security at Workplace

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