Communication Skills Class 9 Notes

Communication Skills Class 9 Notes provide a comprehensive overview of communication skills, its importance, elements, types, and various aspects related to verbal, non-verbal, visual, and written communication. Additionally, we covered key aspects of English language skills, including parts of speech, punctuation, and sentence structure.

 

These notes can be a valuable resource for Class 9 Students looking to improve their communication skills and understanding of language fundamentals. They cover the basics and provide a foundation for effective communication.

 

Communication

Communication skills are those skills which are needed to speak and write properly.

 

Meaning of communication

The word ‘Communication’ comes from the Latin word commūnicāre, meaning ‘to share’. Communication is the process of exchanging or passing of information, ideas or thoughts from one person to the other in a meaningful way.

 

Importance of Communication skill

Your ability to communicate clearly and share thoughts, feelings and ideas will help you in all your relationships. For example, you can inform about something or you can also influence others through communication.

 

Communication skills are needed to:

  • Inform: You may be required to give facts or information to someone. For example, communicating the timetable of an exam to a friend.
  • Influence: You may be required to influence or change someone in an indirect but usually important way. For example, negotiating with a shopkeeper to reduce the price or helping a friend to overcome stress due to exam or any other reason.
  • Express feelings: Talking about your feelings is a healthy way to express them. For example, sharing your excitement about doing well in your exams or sharing your feelings with your parents and friends.

 

Elements of Communication cycle

Communication is a two-way exchange of information, i.e., giving and receiving.

Speaking and writing to someone are examples of giving information. Reading and listening to someone are examples of receiving information.

  1. A Sender: The one who initiates the communication
  2. Message: The idea that is being conveyed
  3. Encoding: Converting message into the form suitable for the required medium
  4. Communication channel: Medium through which communication take place
  5. A receiver : The target audience for the message
  6. Decoding: Converting received message in a form understandable by receiver
  7. Feedback: Response to convey if the message is successfully received or not.

 

Factors affecting Communication:

There are many factors that affect communication. These factors are also called barriers of communication.

  1. Physical/Environmental barrier: Anything that prevent you from receiving or understanding the messages like noise, climate, medium, visual perception etc
  2. Language barriers: Difficulty in speaking with people who speak a different language.
  3. Cultural barrier: When different cultures prevent you from communicating effectively. For example people with different beliefs, different cultural meanings etc
  4. Gender barrier: When men and women cannot communicate because of difference in ideas, attitudes and values.
  5. Emotional barrier: Mental walls that prevent people from openly communicating their thoughts and feelings to others.

Communication Skills Class 9 Notes

 

Effective communication

Effective communication can happen if we follow the basic principles of professional communication skills. These can be abbreviated as 7 Cs, i.e., Clear, Concise, Concrete,Correct, Coherent, Complete and Courteous.

 

Types of communication

Communication can take place in many ways:

i) Verbal Communication-communicating orally

ii) Non Verbal Communication-communicating using body language, gestures or tone

iii) Written form- communicating via handwritten or printed information

iv) Visual form-communicating via pictures, logos, posters, maps or charts etc.

 

Verbal Communication

Verbal communication is the sharing of information by using words. It is what most people use as a method of communication.

 

Verbal communication can be divided into two categories.

  1. Oral or Spoken communication – Oral Communication involves Face-to-face communication, Teaching in classroom or talking on the phone is an example of oral or spoken communication.
  2. Written Communication – Written Communication involves written or typed words. Banners, Articles, Notes, Writing letters, email, and Short Messaging Services are examples of written communication.

 

Components of Verbal Communication

  1. Clarity of speech of sender
  2. Listening skills of receiver
  3. Fluent language of sender
  4. Comprehension ability of receiver

 

Types of Verbal Communication

  1. Intrapersonal communication : Silent conversations
  2. Interpersonal communication : Conversation between two individuals
  3. Small group communication : Conversation between more than two people
  4. Public communication : One individual addressing large gathering of people

 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Verbal Communication

Advantages:

  1. We can Convery our messages easily and quickly
  2. We get response from audience quickly
  3. We can securely exchange ideas
  4. We can update our speech according to the response from audience
  5. We can communicate cheaply

 

Disadvantages

  1. The language and cultural difference of the speaker
  2. It has no legal validity
  3. If we use confusing and complicated words , the receiver may not understand.

Communication Skills Class 9 Notes

Non Verbal Communication

Non-verbal communication is the message we send to others without using any words. We send signals and messages to others, through expressions, gestures and body postures.

 

Types of Non Verbal Communication:

Facial Expression: Facial expressions are responsible for a huge proportion of nonverbal communication. Consider

how much information can be conveyed with a smile or a frown.

 

Gestures: Deliberate movements and signals are an important way to communicate meaning without words. Common gestures include waving, pointing, and using fingers to indicate numeric amounts.

 

Paralinguistics : Paralinguistics refers to vocal communication that is separate from actual language. This includes

actors such as tone of voice, loudness, inflection, and pitch.

 

Body language and Postures: Posture and movement can also convey a great deal of information. arm-crossing, and leg-crossing etc are interpreted in different ways Eye Contact The eyes play an important role in nonverbal communication and such things as looking, staring and blinking

 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Non Verbal Communication

Advantages:

  1. Non Verbal clues are easy to give
  2. Time is not wasted
  3. Even illiterate people can pick up
  4. No language barrier

 

Disadvantages:

  1. Long and detailed message cannot be communicated
  2. It may be difficult for some people to understand

 

Communication Skills Class 9 Notes

Visual communication

Another important method of communication is visual communication, which involves sending and understanding messages only through images or pictures. The main advantage of this type of communication is that you do not need to know any particular language for understanding it. It is simple, easy to understand and remains same across different places.

 

Advantages of Visual communication:

  1. It is immediate
  2. It is simple and easy to remember
  3. It is universal

Disadvantages of Visual communication:

  1. It cannot handle complex data
  2. It may vary according to different culture

 

Written communication

Communicating through written words is called written communication. It is a more formal way of communication and is used for documentation process.

Advantages of written communication:

  1. It is a permanent means of communication
  2. Written communication is more precise and explicit
  3. It provides ready record and references

 

Disadvantages of written communication:

  1. Written communication is comparatively costly
  2. Instant clarification is not possible
  3. It is time consuming

Communication Skills Class 9 Notes

Writing Skills: English Language

A sentence is a group of words that communicates a complete thought (Example: Raju goes to school). A group of words, which does not make complete sense, is known as a phrase (Example: Raju goes). A sentence always begins with a capital letter, and it always ends with a question mark, full stop or exclamation mark.

 

Basic parts of speech

There are eight basic parts of speech in the English language. These are noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction and interjection. The part of speech indicates how the word functions in meaning as well as grammatically within the sentence.

 

Noun: A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea. man… Butte College… house… happiness

 

Pronoun: A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. She… we… they… it

 

Verb: A verb expresses action or being. jump… is… write… become

 

Adjective: An adjective modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. pretty… old… blue… smart

 

Adverb:An adverb modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. gently… extremely… carefully… well

 

Preposition: A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another

word in the sentence. by… with…. about… until

 

Conjunction:A conjunction joins words, phrases, or clauses.and… but… or… while… because

 

Interjection: An interjection is a word used to express emotion.Oh!… Wow!… Oops!

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