Data Governance Class 12 Questions and Answers

Objective Type Questions


1. Which of the following statements is true?

a) Data governance helps in effective data management.

b) Ethical guidelines must be well-defined in any organization dealing with lots of data

c) Data privacy is only about secure data storage

d) Transparency is an important ethical guideline.

Answer: a) Data governance helps in effective data management.


2. What are some important ethical guidelines for data?

a) Keeping data secure.

b) Making models impartial.

c) Being open and accountable.

d) All of the above.

Answer: d) All of the above.


3. Some organizations store more personal information than required. This is in accordance with Data Ethics.

a) True

b) False

Answer: b) False


4. Which data legislation was introduced in Europe?




Answer: a) GDPR


5. Which are some of the areas that data governance focuses on?

a) data integrity

b) data availability

c) data consistency

d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above


Data Governance Class 12 Questions and Answers

Standard Questions

Please answer the questions below in no less than 100 words.

1. What are some of the aspects covered by data governance?

Data governance refers to various practices related to managing and protecting data within an organization. Some key aspects covered by this concept include:

Data Quality: Ensuring data is accurate, reliable, and consistent across systems to promote informed decision-making and analysis.

Data Security: Implement measures to secure data from unauthorised access, breaches, and cyber threats.

Data Privacy: Establishing policies and procedures that ensure individuals’ data is collected and processed appropriately by an organization is essential to protecting their privacy.

Data Compliance: Adherence to relevant laws, regulations and industry standards regarding data management and usage.

Data Lifecycle Management: Establishing processes to define data creation, storage, usage, archiving and disposal so as to optimize utilization while mitigating risks.

Data Access and Authorization: Controlling access permissions to ensure data can only be accessed by authorized personnel.

Data Governance Class 12 Questions and Answers

2. Write a short note on the California Consumer Privacy Act.

The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) is a comprehensive privacy law passed in California, USA, that became effective January 1st, 2020. It grants California residents greater control over their personal information held by businesses; gives consumers access to their data; allows for transparency regarding collections, sales and disclosure by companies; allows accessing or opt-out for their data sale/disclosure by companies as well as deletion. CCPA applies to businesses meeting certain criteria handling personal information of California residents regardless of location; seeks to enhance privacy rights and transparency for Californian consumers alike.

Data Governance Class 12 Questions and Answers

3. Write a short note on the General Data Protection Regulation.

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), implemented by the European Union (EU), on May 25, 2018, is an innovative data privacy law designed to harmonize privacy laws across member states of the EU and strengthen individual’s rights regarding their personal data. GDPR applies to any company processing personal data of EU citizens, regardless of where that business may be based. Key elements of GDPR include businesses’ requirement to gain explicit consent before processing personal data, access and correction rights of personal data subjects, data erasure right (which gives individuals control over their data), as well as an obligation for prompt reporting of breaches. GDPR seeks to strengthen privacy protection, increase transparency, and give individuals more control over their own data.

Data Governance Class 12 Questions and Answers

Higher Order Thinking Skills(HOTS)

Please answer the questions below in no less than 200 words.

1. In 2019, Canva, which is a famous website used for design, suffered a data breach that impacted more than 100 million users. The breach caused data such as email addresses and passwords to be leaked. Considering this situation, discuss how the website can prevent further leaks based on ethical guidelines.

Canva’s data breach in 2019 has underscored the necessity of strong data governance and ethical guidelines in order to avoid similar events in future. To reduce any further leakage while adhering to ethical guidelines, they should implement several preventive measures:

Canva should invest in stringent data security measures, including encryption, multi-factor authentication, and regular audits to protect both transiting data as well as stored files from unwarranted access by outsiders. Ensuring data is encrypted both during transmission and storage can drastically lower risk associated with unauthorized access of sensitive information.

Regular Vulnerability Assessments: Conducting vulnerability and penetration tests regularly can identify vulnerabilities in Canva’s security that must be quickly addressed in order to strengthen defenses against cyberattacks. By promptly responding to vulnerabilities identified during such assessments and penetration testing sessions, Canva can strengthen its defenses against potential cyber threats and enhance cyber resilience.

Canva should integrate security and privacy measures into every aspect of their platform, rather than considering data protection an afterthought. This approach ensures that data protection becomes part of its foundation rather than an add-on feature.

Employee Training: Informing employees on data security best practices and ethical data handling are of utmost importance for preventing data breaches caused by human error, so creating a security-aware culture is necessary for long-term security success.


Incident Response Plan: Canva has developed an extensive Incident Response Plan so as to be ready for any breaches that might arise, quickly alerting affected users and taking the necessary measures to reduce impact and mitigate consequences.


Transparent Communication: By being open and honest with its users regarding data breaches and security measures, Canva can foster trust by communicating proactively about any incidents as well as any steps being taken to prevent future breaches.

Data Governance Class 12 Questions and Answers

2. Write a short note on how children are at higher risk of being manipulated on the internet.

Children may be susceptible to being misled on the internet due to several factors:

Lack of Critical Thinking Skills: Young children often don’t possess the cognitive tools needed to differentiate between trustworthy and untrustworthy information online, leaving them vulnerable to manipulation.


Limited Digital Literacy: Children may lack an in-depth knowledge of the digital landscape and risks associated with sharing personal information or engaging with strangers online.


Vulnerability to Psychological Tactics: Online platforms may use gamification, bright colors, and appealing content to engage children, leading them to disclose sensitive data or undertake actions without fully considering their consequences.


Targeted Advertising: Advertisers often employ targeted and personalized advertisements to appeal to children’s specific interests and preferences, inducing them to purchase or engage with specific content.


Cyberbullying and Grooming: Children can become victims of cyberbullies or online predators who exploit their innocence to manipulate or harm them emotionally or physically.


Parents, educators, and internet service providers all play a vital role in protecting children online by encouraging digital literacy and cybersecurity education. Teaching children about risks online risks such as privacy breaches and responsible internet usage empower them to make more informed decisions while protecting themselves against manipulation. Furthermore, employing age-appropriate content filters, parental controls, monitoring tools can create a safer online environment. Cooperation among stakeholders is necessary in finding a balance between providing children opportunities while safeguarding them against risks.



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